Sleep Quality among College Students in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

  • Rakshya Khadka Department of Public Health, Om Health Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Suman Bista Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, India
  • Swechhya Baskota Department of Public Health, Om Health Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Lisasha Poudel Nepal Institute of Development Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6728-6213
  • Minani Gurung Nepal Institute of Development Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: sleep quality, college students, Nepal

Abstract

Introduction: Many college students suffer from sleep disorders, including insomnia, and sleep deprivation, resulting in a poor sleep quality. Students are at risk for sleep disorders, and those at risk may also be at risk for academic failure. The main aim of the study is to assess the level of sleep quality among college students in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 504 students of class 11 and 12 of any faculties among selected colleges of Kathmandu. Simple random sampling was used for selection of colleges. Ethical approval was taken before data collection. Participants with chronic medical illness and mental disorders were excluded from the study. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the information related to socio-demography, and Pittsburgh sleep quality index was used to assess the sleep quality in college students. All data extracted from questionnaires were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Results: Out of 504 students, 40.9% were found to have good sleep quality, whereas, 59.1% were found to have poor sleep quality. 55.21% of male students and 65.78% of female students had poor sleep quality. 58.30% of science students and 59.85 % of management students had poor sleep quality.

Conclusions: The quality of sleep among Nepalese college students was found to be poor. Many colleges are unaware of the risks or issues to the students.

Published
2019-12-17
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLE